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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
齐乐老虎机:冥想可以减少压力、增强注意力2017-07-19
A mind filled with fear and bad thoughts is an unquiet mind. When you are worried, it can be hard to direct your attention on even a minor problem. For some people, this can interfere with work, sleep and other activities.
齐乐老虎机:橄榄油可以保护我们的大脑2017-07-12
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. The health value of a Mediterranean diet is widely known. Fruits, vegetables and fish are main foods in this diet.
齐乐老虎机:依靠衣装依然是金科玉律?2017-07-05
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. American English has many expressions related to clothes. Two of the more common ones are: Dress for the job you want, not for the job you have; and, simply, Dress for success.
齐乐老虎机:睡眠可以帮助我们学习2017-06-28
We humans spend about one-third of their lives asleep. This may sound like a lot of time, but it is not wasted. Sleep helps us stay healthy, but it also helps our brains remember. Our brains need good sleep to remember what we do and learn during the othe
齐乐老虎机:能降低血压的水果蔬菜2017-06-21
Researchers at the University of Southern California’s Keck School of Medicine have found another great reason to eat more fruits and vegetables. They say that potassium-rich foods like sweet potatoes, avocados, spinach and bananas could help to lower you
齐乐老虎机:研究称世界上三分之一的人口超重2017-06-19
A new study finds one third of the world’s population is overweight or considered obese. Obesity is increasing faster in children than adults in many nations, the report said. But the world’s weight problem is growing in both rich and poor countries alike
齐乐老虎机:丰富藻类或能为人类提供食物2017-06-19
A group of researchers in California may have found a way to get protein to hungry people.
齐乐老虎机:运动有效降低乳腺癌风险2017-06-19
A recent study found that the women who drank about 10 grams of alcohol a day had a five percent increased risk of breast cancer.
齐乐老虎机:健康的生活方式减低结肠癌死亡风险2017-06-19
Researchers say people treated for colon cancer can greatly reduce their risk of death and of the cancer progressing, by living more healthfully.
齐乐老虎机:人类的胃与大脑的潜在联系2017-06-19
A new study provides more evidence that there is a deep connection between our gut and our brains. The findings suggest that probiotics -- so-called good bacteria that aid in digestion -- may also help to lessen symptoms of depression.
齐乐老虎机:吃椰子有益健康吗?2017-06-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Americans love food trends. Much like clothing, some foods are more popular at times than others. The United States is currently experiencing a coconut craze.
齐乐老虎机:走路——女性健康特效药2017-06-19
If you want to get healthy or stay healthy, there is one easy activity to add to your day – walking.
齐乐老虎机:你睡眠充足吗?2017-05-17
We spend about one-third of our lives asleep. This may sound like a lot of time, but it is not wasted. Our bodies need sleep to stay healthy. Not getting enough sleep, or as we sometimes say shut-eye, can make us sick.
齐乐老虎机:遵循这些规矩增加邮件回复率2017-05-16
A study on emails found that several factors affect whether or not you get a reply to your email.
齐乐老虎机:吹口琴对身体和灵魂都有好处2017-05-12
The musical instrument called the harmonica is being used by caregivers around the U.S. to treat people with lung disease. Ninety-seven-year-old Jack Hopkins could not agree more. He has been playing the harmonica for more than 90 years.
齐乐老虎机:远程办公的优点和缺点2017-05-10
For many jobs, workers no longer need to be in a fixed office building. People can telework: they can work from home or anyplace where they can access the necessary technology. For example, I wrote this story on a backyard porch in the mountains of West V
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:学习如何预防骨质疏松2017-05-02
You may not realize it, but your bones are living tissue. And that tissue is always breaking down and re-growing.
齐乐老虎机:口罩能防空气污染吗?2017-04-25
With all this pollution in the air, many people try to protect themselves and reduce their exposure. So, some people use face masks. You may have seen pictures of people wearing such masks in big cities like Beijing and Tokyo.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:低学历的中年白人正加速“绝望死去”2017-04-21
New research finds that white, middle-aged Americans without college-level educations are dying at higher rates than those with more education. These deaths of despair. They are caused by suicide, drug overdose and alcohol-related diseases.
齐乐老虎机:世卫:环境污染致每年数百万儿童死亡2017-04-21
Breathing pollutants in childhood can lead to increased risk of chronic respiratory diseases or other health problems later in life.
齐乐老虎机:观看电子屏幕多长时间谓之过量?2017-04-21
Health experts in the U.S. gave suggested new guidelines for children and screen time. Other experts say children can handle much more screen time than we think.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:心脏钙积聚增加早逝风险2017-04-21
Researchers say it was easy to recognize small amounts of calcium in the arteries of young people. They said the study can be a “call to action” for doctors and their patients to begin taking action to prevent a heart attack or early death.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:世卫称新抗生素能治疗“超级细菌”2017-04-21
The World Health Organization (WHO) has made an appeal to scientists, drug manufacturers and governments. The WHO wants them to work together to develop drugs to fight 12 bacteria. These bacteria are able to resist powerful antibiotic drugs. The resistanc
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:吃烤面包易致癌?2017-04-21
Many Americans have toasted bread first thing in the morning. For some, the morning meal also includes hash browned potatoes. Or later in the day, they might enjoy potato chips or crispy French fries. But if you like any of these foods cooked until they a
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:波兰工程师研发空气净化设备2017-04-21
In Poland, researchers have invented some simple technology that may help to reduce air pollution. The device looks like a normal pipe.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:机器人帮助自闭症儿童学习社交技巧2017-04-21
Researchers in Britain have made a child-sized robot to help autistic children learn social skills. The robot, called Kaspar, can improve their ability to communicate with adults and other children.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:做点运动也比没有强2017-04-21
Exercise is good for us. It reduces the risks of dying from all causes, including cancer and heart disease. This is according to the World Health Organization. But many people who work all week have little time for exercise.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:新药物能帮助牙齿自我修复2017-04-21
Oftentimes fillings need replaced during the patient’s lifetime. But is filling the cavity with a foreign material really the best treatment? What if the tooth could repair itself with its own material – dentine?
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:波兰工程师研发空气净化设备2017-04-18
In Poland, researchers have invented some simple technology that may help to reduce air pollution. The device looks like a normal pipe.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:机器人帮助自闭症儿童学习社交技巧2017-04-18
Researchers in Britain have made a child-sized robot to help autistic children learn social skills. The robot, called Kaspar, can improve their ability to communicate with adults and other children.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:做点运动也比没有强2017-04-18
Exercise is good for us. It reduces the risks of dying from all causes, including cancer and heart disease. This is according to the World Health Organization. But many people who work all week have little time for exercise.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:新药物能帮助牙齿自我修复2017-04-18
Oftentimes fillings need replaced during the patient’s lifetime. But is filling the cavity with a foreign material really the best treatment? What if the tooth could repair itself with its own material – dentine?
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:低学历的中年白人正加速“绝望死去”2017-04-18
New research finds that white, middle-aged Americans without college-level educations are dying at higher rates than those with more education. These deaths of despair. They are caused by suicide, drug overdose and alcohol-related diseases.
齐乐老虎机:世卫:环境污染致每年数百万儿童死亡2017-04-18
Breathing pollutants in childhood can lead to increased risk of chronic respiratory diseases or other health problems later in life.
齐乐老虎机:观看电子屏幕多长时间谓之过量?2017-04-18
Health experts in the U.S. gave suggested new guidelines for children and screen time. Other experts say children can handle much more screen time than we think.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:心脏钙积聚增加早逝风险2017-04-18
Researchers say it was easy to recognize small amounts of calcium in the arteries of young people. They said the study can be a “call to action” for doctors and their patients to begin taking action to prevent a heart attack or early death.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:极地科考船(Boaty McBoatface)回来了2017-04-18
Do you remember Boaty McBoatface? The funny - and winning - name suggestion for a British research ship did not stick. But Boaty is back...in the form of a submarine.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:世卫称新抗生素能治疗“超级细菌”2017-04-18
The World Health Organization (WHO) has made an appeal to scientists, drug manufacturers and governments. The WHO wants them to work together to develop drugs to fight 12 bacteria. These bacteria are able to resist powerful antibiotic drugs. The resistanc
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:吃烤面包易致癌?2017-04-18
Many Americans have toasted bread first thing in the morning. For some, the morning meal also includes hash browned potatoes. Or later in the day, they might enjoy potato chips or crispy French fries. But if you like any of these foods cooked until they a
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:少吃会令你更长寿?2017-04-18
If you want to slow aging, you want might to eat less. Researchers in the United States say eating less can slow the aging process of cells in the body. This finding is good news – if you are a mouse. The researchers studied mice, not people.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:地中海植物有助治疗脑部疾病2017-04-18
Chemicals from plants found in the Mediterranean region may slow Alzheimers and Parkinsons diseases.
齐乐老虎机:2月14日情人节:爱是你大脑里的化学爆炸2017-04-18
You may think of love as an affair of the heart. But actually, love is mostly in your brain.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:寒冷天气下跑步能提高身体机能2017-04-18
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report. Today’s program is for people who like to run. Cold weather during winter months may keep many people from leaving home and running in the open air.
齐乐老虎机:防止花生过敏的新方法2017-04-18
A British study found that babies should be introduced to peanut food early to prevent development of allergies
齐乐老虎机:越来越多的美国成年子女与父母生活在一起2017-04-18
Lots of people joke about it -- students spending so much money on college that they have no choice but to return home and live with their parents. But it is becoming reality for more young people. Thirty two percent of young adults were living with their
齐乐老虎机:新疗法有助脊髓损伤患者减轻疼痛2017-04-18
The World Health Organization reports that about 25 million people worldwide live with a spinal cord injury. The injuries are well-known for causing paralysis.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:心肌再生或成为可能2017-04-18
Regrowth of heart muscle may be possible in humans.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:矿物质对你的健康很重要2017-04-18
Dug up from the earth, minerals play an important role in medicine and health. And many are as beautiful as a work of art.
齐乐老虎机:阳光、乐观有助长寿2017-04-18
A new study suggests that your level of optimism may affect your health. People who are optimistic may live longer than those who are pessimistic.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:津巴布韦“友谊板凳”有助治疗抑郁和焦虑2017-04-18
Health workers are helping people with mental health problems through a new program. Experts say the treatment could serve as a model for other countries in Africa.
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