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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。
Americans often use euphemisms when talking about sensitive topics such as death and love. Euphemisms are pleasant or nice words that take the place of direct often more severe language.
Expletives are words that have a grammatical purpose but do not carry meaning. Today we explore how Ernest Hemingway and Jimi Hendrix used expletives for stylistic purposes. Expletives can be useful for writing and speaking. However, you should be careful
Expletives are words that have a grammatical purpose but do not carry meaning. Today we explore how Ernest Hemingway and Jimi Hendrix used expletives for stylistic purposes. Expletives can be useful for writing and speaking. However, you should be careful
Make is an irregular verb - the past tense is not formed with an -ed ending. The meaning of make changes depending on the noun or noun phrase that follows it in a sentence. Today, we explore three common make + noun phrase structures.
In this weeks Everyday Grammar, we explain different meanings of the verb take. Takes meaning changes depending on the nouns or noun phrases that come after it in a sentence. We explore three common take + noun phrase structures.
Language experts say English has two main groups of words: form classes and structure classes. One word from the structure classes is the modal auxiliary would. In todays report, we explore three common meanings of would.
The verb "have" is common in speaking and writing. It has many meanings and uses. In today's report, we explore common have+noun phrase structures that have idiomatic meanings.
You may remember our earlier reports on infinitives and gerunds. The infinitive form of a verb can be either its most basic form or appear with the word to. A gerund is a verb that ends in –ing and acts as a noun. Today, we learn that these forms can help
Grammar experts say sentence relatives are clauses that help develop the ideas we try to express in our everyday speech. Learn more about them in today’s Everyday Grammar.
Noun clauses are groups of words that act as a noun. They often begin with words such as if, what, or where. These clauses have a subject and a predicate, just like a sentence. However, they do not act as sentences on their own. Americans often use them a
The word okay has many uses in American English. In todays report, we explore common uses of okay, including its noun, verb, and adverb forms. We also show you how speakers use okay to organize conversations.
In todays report, we explore the adverb well. Well is called a discourse marker. It has several common meanings in conversation: expressing uncertainty, showing contrast and ending conversations.
The comma has many uses. The first, and perhaps most common, use of commas is to show a pause. However, in many kinds of modern writing, the comma serves a different purpose: to show what is different and what belongs together.
In everyday speech, only a few nouns are generally modified by infinitives. Infinitives can act as adjectives. In other words, they can describe or provide more information about a noun. The most commonly modified nouns are thing, stuff, a lot, time, plac
Today, we teach you how Americans use certain phrases to show they are uncertain. Sometimes they use these phrases to shorten their sentences, too. These phrases are sometimes called coordination tags. These include or something like that, and things like
Today we are going to explore two of the most commonly used nouns in American English: people and thing. Americans generally use the word people to make a general statement about life. The word thing can have many meanings.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:英语日常语法:介词的用法2017-04-20
This episode of Everyday Grammar explores the prepositions provide with, provide to and provide for.
Anyway is a common adverb that you will hear in everyday speech. Like many other adverbs, it can appear at the beginning, middle, and end of a sentence. Its meaning can change depending on where it is found in the sentence.
Two common ways that Americans show contrast or disagreement are by using the words though and but. They may use these words in specific ways to be more or less forceful. Learning these ways to disagree is not easy. It can take a long time to learn how gr
In Everyday Grammar, we examine some of the most important adverbs that you will hear in everyday speech. They are called amplifiers and downtoners.
In todays report, we will study how conversational grammar differs from written and formal grammatical structures. Americans often use adjective forms in place of adverbs. Americans also may use an adverb but choose not to say an –ly ending.
In todays Everyday Grammar, we will try to solve a mystery: why do some Americans use the past tense when they are talking about the present? The simple past tense is used for actions or situations that happened in the past. However, as with many grammar
Today we return to a very common verb form in English – phrasal verbs. You will find one phrasal verb in every 192 words of written English. They will make your English sound more natural once you begin using them correctly. In an earlier program, we expl
Today, we are going to explore a mysterious word in English that seems to appear and disappear at will!
Even native English speakers make the mistakes you will read and hear about today.
Perfect progressive tenses generally express how long an action has been happening. The Everyday Grammar team has some tips to make these tricky verb tenses a little bit easier to understand.
What are the hardest tenses for English learners? Many would say they are the perfect tenses. These confusing verb structures show how an event in the past has an effect on the present. Let the Everyday Grammar team make them easier for you.
Today, we are going to explore a mysterious word in English that seems to appear and disappear at will!
Today on Everyday Grammar, we give you a basic overview of the verb tense system in English.
From VOA Learning English, this is Everyday Grammar. So, Alice, what did you do last night? Well, I was at home, getting ready to go to the movies. I was getting my shoes on when I got a feeling that something strange was going to happen.
In todays report, we explore what Thanksgiving can teach you about English verbs. In particular, we will show you how Thanksgiving can teach you to use stative verbs. We will also show you the difference between stative and progressive verbs.
In todays program, we explore a single word: always. Always is not as movable as other adverbs. Always generally is found after BE verbs and auxiliary verbs, but before other verbs. When speakers emphasize always, its meaning changes
When politicians give speeches, they talk about any number of things, such as their beliefs, personal history, or opinions on major issues. Today, we explore another strategy politicians often use to present ideas: sentence cohesion.
Political candidates like to use certain grammatical structures when they speak. They use these structures because they can have a rhetorical effect. In todays program, we explore one common structure: the deliberate fragment.
English speakers use different grammatical structures to change the sound of a sentence. Today, we consider a simple word: there. We will learn how to use the word there to change the sound of a sentence. We will also learn how grammar controls when the s
Today we explore movability - the way English speakers move words to different places in a sentence. Many great musicians, poets, and speechwriters use movable phrases when they are writing or speaking. They want to make sure an important word or idea com
Participial phrases often act as adjectives in a sentence. The phrases change the meaning of a noun or noun phrase. Participial phrases are often complex for English learners. Today, we show you how you can get participial phrases by reducing relative cla
You may not realize it, but musicians like Bob Marley and BB King are actually teaching you about English grammar in each song they perform.
Adverbials can add more information to many common sentence patterns in English. By learning and mastering adverbials, English learners can improve their writing and speaking skills.
Adverbials are words or terms that give information about time, place, reason or the way things are done. They are important because they can change almost any of the basic sentence patterns in English. This week, we explore a common adverbial: the prepos
English has many patterns. Learning and mastering these patterns can help you improve your writing and speaking skills. Todays common pattern is the transitive verb pattern. There are several types of transitive verbs, but they all have one thing in commo
What are intransitive verbs and how are they used? Find out in the third part of our series about common sentence patterns in the English language.
Sometimes English speakers try to be too correct. That is what often happens with the pronouns I and me.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:英语日常语法:拟声词2017-04-20
Every language in the world has words that express sounds. These are called onomatopoetic words. When a person says an onomatopoetic word, the sound of the word copies the natural sound the word is identifying.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:英语日常语法:动词短语2017-04-20
Today we look at a very common verb form in English – phrasal verbs. There are over 5,000 verbs that fall in this category. Do you know how to use them? In this episode, we will introduce this type of verb and help you understand how and why English speak
This week Everyday Grammar looks at those little questions English speakers put at the end of a sentence. They can be positive or negative. You have heard of them, haven't you?
Betty Azar is the most successful writer of grammar textbooks in the world. Generations of English learners will recognize her best-selling book Understanding and Using English Grammar. Today Ms. Azar shares her tips for understanding what you hear in Eng
Parallelism is the repetition of similar grammatical forms. It is a powerful tool in public speaking and writing. Keep in mind that most people do not use long parallel structures in casual conversation. It would sound a bit unnatural and overly formal.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:英语日常语法:Could、Would、Should的用法2017-04-20
Today we will take a look at the modal verbs could have, would have and should have. These past tense modals are useful for expressing your present feelings about a past decision (or other action).
In this week’s episode of Everyday Grammar, we are going to discuss the relative pronouns who, that and which. A relative pronoun relates to the noun it is describing. Relative pronouns introduce a relative clause. Think of relative clauses as long adject