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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:欧美开启黑色星期五疯狂购物模式2017-04-19
America’s holiday shopping season starts at Thanksgiving, with Black Friday and Cyber Monday. They are the two busiest shopping days in the U.S. More shoppers are shopping online, using smartphones to search for the best deals.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:关于网上众筹的问题2017-04-19
Crowdfunding is rapidly growing in popularity around the world. It’s a way to raise money online for businesses, charitable organizations and artistic projects. But these new platforms also raise serious regulatory, legal and ethical issues.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:中国经济走弱向全世界释放冲击波2017-04-19
Many people are concerned about signs of weakness in the Chinese economy. They want to know how these changes will affect economic activity in the rest of the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:中国经济信息正确吗?2017-04-19
For over a week, investors have been closely watching sharp changes in share prices on China’s stock market. Some investors say the wild movements have intensified because of concerns about the truthfulness of that nation’s economic reports.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:中国的经济放缓影响全球市场2017-04-19
China’s economy again has made news as the country works to deal with a volatile stock market and slowing exports. Those issues have influenced markets around the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:中国A股遭遇黑色星期一 上证指数重挫8.5%2017-04-19
Stock market shares in China fell sharply early Monday. The Shanghai Composite dropped 8.5 percent, marking the sharpest fall China has seen since 2007. Chinese media are calling the day Black Monday.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:中国牛市已死?七月份大跌14%2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. The last two months have been difficult for investors in China’s stock markets. Major stock indexes, measures that track share values, all had big decreases during the month.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:中国股票市场再次暴跌8.6%2017-04-19
Stock price indexes in China had their sharpest one-day drop in eight years on Monday. Stock indexes also decreased around the world but to a lesser extent.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:美国企业开拓伊朗市场2017-04-19
American businesses have begun to explore how they can sell their goods and services in Iran. For many years, restrictions on trade have stopped many companies from doing business in the country.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:亚洲黄金价格跌至五年低点2017-04-19
The price of gold fell to its lowest level in five years in trading early Monday. For a time, gold was selling at less than 1,100 dollars an ounce on Asian markets.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:波多黎各——下个债务危机爆发点?2017-04-19
American investors are wondering what effect the situation in Greece will have on the United States and its economy. But some observers say the investors should be more worried about the debt problems in a U.S. territory -- the island of Puerto Rico.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:中国股票市场遭断崖式下跌2017-04-19
China’s stock markets have lost nearly $3 trillion from their peak in June. As a result, the government has introduced new measures hoping to stop weeks of declining prices.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:希腊举行公投 亚洲股市跳水2017-04-19
Share prices mostly fell on Asian stock markets Monday after Greek voters rejected a European financial plan requiring new cost-cutting measures.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:2015年美国暑期档电影百花齐放2017-04-19
The first day of summer was June 21 but the summer movie season began well before that. Last week, we talked about Jurassic World, which has proved to be a huge hit. The movie has sold more than $1 billion in tickets. Last weekend it passed Avengers: Age
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:美国就业市场现百万技术职位空缺2017-04-19
The United States job market has millions of unfilled jobs. Many of those jobs require technical skills. However, employers say many of those jobs are vacant because they cannot find people with the right skills to do the work. Labor experts call this par
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:“侏罗纪世界”票房超10亿美元2017-04-19
In just two weeks, Jurassic World has earned more than one billion dollars in ticket sales around the world. It is already the second most popular movie of 2015. The huge hit is part of the dinosaur movie series that began in 1993 with the Academy Award-w
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:苹果改变流媒体政策 将在试用期付费2017-04-19
Pop music queen Taylor Swift took a bite out of Apple this week and the company responded with Love.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:新报告显示全球经济收入不均衡加剧2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. A new report says income inequality is hurting the potential for growth around the world. It says the best way to deal with the inequality -- or lack of fairness -- is by helping poor people and the
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:埃及苏伊士新运河将在8月份开通2017-04-19
Egyptian officials are making plans to open a newly-expanded Suez Canal on August 6th. Officials say the new canal will be more than double the waterway’s earnings over the next 10 years. But some experts say the project alone will not be able to turn aro
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:中国渔船过度捕捞引争议2017-04-19
China is expanding the size of its fishing boat fleet to try to provide enough food for its citizens and to export. But as the boats travel the world, they are often criticized for overfishing and for having conflicts with ships from other countries, espe
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:中国增加在澳大利亚的投资2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. Chinese investment in Australia has moved to the real estate market and infrastructure. It is yet another sign that Australia’s once strong mining industry is weakening, as Chinese businesses look f
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:耐热玻璃器皿诞生100周年2017-04-19
One hundred years ago, a new kind of cookware entered the American market. It was called Pyrex. Today the Pyrex name is well known in the United States. The heat-resistant glass products are still being manufactured. And early Pyrex products are now consi
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:议员辩论如何处理自由贸易2017-04-19
The United States Senate recently passed a measure called Trade Promotion Authority. Under the bill, the Congress can only vote for or against a trade agreement once it has been negotiated.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:美国参议院将就贸易促进授权法案进行最终投票2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. The United States Senate moved closer this week to a final vote on Trade Promotion Authority. The Senate agreed on Thursday to end debate on the TPA bill. The vote was 62 to 38.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:谷歌在韩国首尔开设第一校园2017-04-19
The American technology company Google recently set up its first campus in Asia. The campus opened last Friday in Seoul, South Korea. Google officials want the training center to support entrepreneurs who are starting up new Internet businesses.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:美国参议院就自由贸易协议测试投票失败2017-04-19
A proposed 12-nation Pacific Rim trade deal has failed in its first major test in the United States Congress. The Senate voted Tuesday against consideration of Trade Promotion Authority, also known as fast-track authority.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:援助组织呼吁免除尼泊尔债务2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. A group of international aid, religious and other groups is calling for debt cancellation for Nepal.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:约翰内斯堡钟意日本神户牛肉2017-04-19
Johannesburg, South Africa is one of Africa's top cities in business and wealth. Its financial area is often called the richest square mile on the continent. As its wealth increases so does the tastes of its residents.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:国会讨论美国进出口银行2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. A policy dispute is taking shape in Washington over a government agency that helps exporters. On one side is the American business community.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:初创企业主成功的秘诀2017-04-19
Like many people, Bree Britt once dreamed of starting her own business. But unlike many people, the 16-year-old American did not wait until she grew up to become an entrepreneur. With a sense of purpose, a plan of action and the help of her mother, she op
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:美国参议院委员会批准贸易促进授权法案2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. A United States congressional committee has passed a bill aimed at easing approval of future U. S. trade agreements with other countries.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:Facebook用户人数已超过中国人口2017-04-19
The social network Facebook reported that it now has 1.44 billion monthly active users (MAU) worldwide. That is 50 million more users than the population of China and over 188 million more than India's population.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:非洲广告公司赚得盆满钵满2017-04-19
Western advertising and public relations agencies are increasingly joining with African advertising companies. They are working together to attract international businesses that want to advertise products or services in Africa. The continent has been cons
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:印度尼西亚将成为亚洲下一个万亿美元经济体2017-04-19
The World Economic Forum on East Asia is taking place this weekend in Indonesia's capital, Jakarta. IHS Global Insight studies economic conditions around the world. The company believes that, in two years, Indonesia will become Asia's latest trillion-do
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:印度欲令更多的女性担任公司董事会2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English. This is the Economic Report. The goal appeared simple: require a woman to sit on the board of directors of all companies listed on Indias National Stock Exchange.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:台湾和俄罗斯加入亚洲基础投资银行2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. More than 40 countries, including Russia and Taiwan, have agreed to be founding members of Chinas proposed Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:欧美多国纷纷加入亚洲基础设施投资银行2017-04-19
Development banking in Asia has been in the news lately. Last year, China proposed creation of a development bank called the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. Chinese officials say the institution would help finance infrastructure projects throughout
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:“纽约制造”激励时装设计师2017-04-19
Many of the world's most respected designers create their fashions in New York City. Often those products are manufactured overseas to save money. Now, New York is providing economic incentives to increase manufacturing in the city and interest promising
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:中国将持续庞大政府开支提振经济?2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. Chinese officials have predicted lower economic growth again this year. They say that huge government spending programs are coming to a close.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:美国“工艺”小酒厂越来越受欢迎2017-04-19
A few large beer breweries have controlled much of the beer market in the United States since the 1950s. But in recent years, the number of small craft breweries has grown sharply. The small manufacturers have changed the way Americans drink beer.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:肯尼亚成劳动密集型产业下一站?2017-04-19
The Bloomberg news service recently published a list of the 20 fastest-growing economies. Bloomberg rated a total of 57 countries. China received the top rating, with the Philippines in second place. Kenya and Nigeria were the only African countries on th
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:富士康购置机器人用于生产iPad和iPhone2017-04-19
The Hon Hai company is based in Taiwan and operates factories in China. The U.S. company Apple and other top electronic brands hire Hon Hai to make products, including iPads and iPhones.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:美国农民希望结束对古巴的贸易禁运2017-04-19
In January, the Pew Research Center published a public opinion study that showed more than 60 percent of Americans support the renewal of full diplomatic relations with Cuba.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:中国土豪兴起养马风2017-04-19
Across Asia, the increase in sales of high-priced goods and services has been partly fueled by the rise of China's middle class. Among the activities enjoyed by some wealthy Chinese is the ownership of horses. The quality of life tied to horses and horse
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:调查:美国公司自认在中国不受欢迎2017-04-19
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report. About 500 American companies operating in China say they are making a profit. But top-level officials with the companies say they increasingly feel unwelcome and targeted by the Chinese government.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:美国西海岸港口结束罢工恢复运行2017-04-19
Most West Coast ports in the United States have been busy since Friday. That is when negotiators reached a tentative settlement in a nine-month labor dispute and work slowdown. Now that goods again are being unloaded the dockworkers and employers say they
齐乐老虎机:电力短缺倒逼对再生能源的兴趣2017-04-19
South Africa's state power company, Eskom, is struggling to meet demand for electricity in the country. The company has put in place an aggressive plan for limiting the amount of electricity it supplies to prevent a collapse of the electrical system.
齐乐老虎机:使用传统印刷机器制造现代产品2017-04-19
In 2012, two friends in their 20s made a brave decision. They left their jobs as graphic designers for an American magazine to open their own printing business. Then a third friend decided to join them because the idea seemed just too good to be true.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:外国公司觉得在中国不受欢迎2017-04-19
About 500 American companies operating in China say they are making a profit. But top-level officials with the companies say they increasingly feel unwelcome and targeted by the Chinese government.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕[翻译]:油价大幅下跌导致石油公司解雇数千名工人2017-04-19
The sharp drop in world oil prices has led oil companies in the United States to dismiss thousands of workers. Some companies have also suspended new oil drilling and exploration projects.
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