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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“慢速英语”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 The Making of a Nation(建国史话) 这一专题节目向听众介绍美利坚合众国从十三个殖民地区域到现代工业国的孕育、诞生以及形成超级大国的历史过程,并以历史为线索,特定的历史时期为单位,以重大的历史事件为主题材来叙述各个党派、各届总统和政府的历史作用与贡献。这是每个英语学习者都应了解的基本知识。The Making of a Nation每逢星期四播出。这是个系列节目,坚持收听,则有助于系统了解美国的历史概况。
齐乐老虎机:American History: The 'Reagan Revolution,' a Crisis With Iran Ends2017-04-18
The months before Election Day in November of nineteen eighty were difficult for President Jimmy Carter. Many Americans blamed the Democrat for the nation's economic problems, including high inflation and high unemployment. Many also blamed him for not g
齐乐老虎机:Carter brings Egypt's Sadat, Israel's Begin together for Peace Talks2017-04-18
It is January twentieth, nineteen seventy-seven. Inauguration Day. America's newly elected president, Jimmy Carter, is on his way to the White House after his swearing-in ceremony at the Capitol building.
齐乐老虎机:Little Known Democrat Defeats President Gerald Ford in 1976 Election2017-04-18
When Vice President Gerald Ford became president in nineteen seventy-four, he took office during a crisis. For the first time in American history, a president Richard Nixon had resigned.
齐乐老虎机:American History: Ford Leads Nation After Nixon Resigns2017-04-18
Gerald Ford was sworn into office on August ninth, nineteen seventy-four. Ford was vice president to Richard Nixon, who had announced the day before that he would resign.
齐乐老虎机:American History: Nixon Resigns Over Watergate2017-04-18
Richard Nixon's first term ended with the hope for a complete American withdrawal from the war in Vietnam. Yet Americans were still angry about the war and its economic effects on life at home. Inflation and unemployment were both high.
齐乐老虎机:American History: Nixon Goes to China2017-04-18
The year is nineteen sixty-nine. Richard Nixon, a Republican, is in the first year of his first term in office. His biggest foreign policy problem is the continuing war in Vietnam. During the election campaign, Nixon had promised to do something to end th
齐乐老虎机:American History: "Nixon's the One"2017-04-18
American forces, allied with the Army of South Vietnam, were continuing to fight against the communist forces of North Vietnam. Thousands of soldiers and civilians were dying. The Americans and South Vietnamese were making little progress, and there were
齐乐老虎机:American History: The Election of 19682017-04-18
Nineteen sixty-eight was a presidential election year in the United States. It was also one of the saddest and most difficult years in modern American history. The nation was divided by often violent disputes about civil rights and the war in Vietnam.
齐乐老虎机:American History: The 1960s, a Decade That Changed a Nation2017-04-18
The nineteen sixties began with the election of the first president born in the twentieth century John Kennedy. For many Americans, the young president represented a spirit of hope for the nation. When Kennedy was murdered in nineteen sixty-three, many fe
齐乐老虎机:American History: The Civil Rights Movement2017-04-18
The day is August twenty-eighth, nineteen sixty-three. More than two hundred fifty thousand people are gathered in Washington. Black and white, young and old, they demand equal treatment for black Americans. The nation's most famous civil rights leader,
齐乐老虎机:AMERICAN HISTORY: Lyndon B. Johnson and the Vietnam War2017-04-18
Johnson was vice president to John F. Kennedy. Kennedy was murdered in Dallas in November of nineteen sixty-three. Johnson served the last fourteen months of the president's term. Then he won a full term of his own starting in January nineteen sixty-five
齐乐老虎机:American History: Lyndon Johnson Becomes President2017-04-18
From Dallas Texas, the flash, apparently official, President Kennedy died at 1 PM Central Standard Time, two o'clock Eastern Standard Time.
齐乐老虎机:American History: Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis2017-04-18
This week in our series, we continue the story of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Kennedy, a Democrat, defeated Republican Vice President Richard Nixon in one of the closest elections in United States history. He took office in January nineteen sixty-o
齐乐老虎机:American History: Kennedy Becomes President2017-04-18
We begin this week's story on January twentieth, nineteen sixty-one, the day John Fitzgerald Kennedy became president of the United States.
齐乐老虎机:American History: The Election of 19602017-04-18
Three days from now, after half a century in the service of our country, I shall lay down the responsibilities of office as, in traditional and solemn ceremony, the authority of the presidency is vested in my successor. This evening, I come to you with a
齐乐老虎机:American History: The Cold War2017-04-18
The Cold War began after World War Two. The main enemies were the United States and the Soviet Union.
齐乐老虎机:American History: Popular Culture in '50s2017-04-18
In the nineteen fifties, America was a nation whose population was growing as never before. It was a nation where the popular culture of television was both reflecting and influencing its lifestyle.
齐乐老虎机:American History: In the 1950s, Conflict in Korea2017-04-18
Today, we tell about the Korean War. The biggest problem facing Dwight Eisenhower when he became president of the United States was the continuing conflict in Korea.
齐乐老虎机:American History: The Election of 19522017-04-18
This week in our series, we look at the presidential election campaign of nineteen fifty-two. President Harry Truman decided not to seek re-election. The continuing war in Korea and economic problems at home had cost him the support of many Americans.
齐乐老虎机:American History: Truman's Second Term2017-04-18
Truman was sometimes called an accidental president. He only became president because he was vice president when Franklin Roosevelt died in nineteen forty-five.
齐乐老虎机:American History: Truman Wins the Election of 19482017-04-18
Presidential elections are exciting events in American politics. Few elections for the White House have been as exciting as the one in nineteen forty-eight. And few have had such surprising results.
齐乐老虎机:American History: How the Berlin Airlift Got Off the Ground2017-04-18
The Second World War ended with the surrender of Japan in August nineteen forty-five. Americans looked to their new president, Harry Truman, to lead them into a new time of peace.
齐乐老虎机:American History: The Rise of U.S. Influence After World War Two2017-04-18
Britain was once the most powerful nation in the world. It ruled a wide-reaching empire. This week in our series, we look at how British power gave way to American influence after World War Two.
齐乐老虎机:American History: Roosevelt's Death Makes Truman President2017-04-18
The House of Representatives ended the day's business early on the rainy afternoon of April twelfth, nineteen forty-five. The House Democratic leader, Speaker Sam Rayburn, invited a friend to come by his office for a drink. Be there around five, Rayburn
The House of Representatives ended the day’s business early on the rainy afternoon of April twelfth, nineteen forty-five. The House Democratic leader, Speaker Sam Rayburn, invited a friend to come by his office for a drink. Be there around five, Rayburn s
齐乐老虎机:American History: Life Slowly Returns to Normal in US in Years after World War Two2017-04-18
World War Two finally ended in August of nineteen forty-five. Life in the United States began to return to normal. Soldiers began to come home and find jobs. Factories stopped producing war materials and began to produce goods for peacetime.
齐乐老虎机:American History: A Friendship Helps Guide World War 2 Diplomacy2017-04-18
History is full of examples of leaders joining together to meet common goals. But rarely have two leaders worked together with as much friendship and cooperation as Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill did.
齐乐老虎机:American History: World War Two on the Home Front2017-04-18
The United States entered the Second World War in December of forty-one. Europe had already been at war since nineteen thirty-nine. But the United States did not enter World War Two until Japanese forces attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, H
齐乐老虎机:American History: The War in the Pacific2017-04-18
American forces could not fight effectively in Asia and Europe at the same time. The military planners decided to use most of their forces to defeat the German troops of Adolf Hitler. Only after victory over the Nazis was clear in Europe would they use al
齐乐老虎机:American History: World War Two Continues with the D-Day Invasion in Normandy2017-04-18
On June fifth, nineteen forty-four, a huge Allied force waited for the order to invade German-occupied France. The invasion had been planned for the day before. But a storm forced a delay.
齐乐老虎机:American History: German Forces Defeated in Russia and Britain2017-04-18
It declared war against Japan after Japanese planes attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. A few days later, Germany and Italy declared war against the United States.
齐乐老虎机:American History: US Declares War on Japan, Germany and Italy2017-04-18
Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor in December of nineteen forty-one was one of the most successful surprise attacks in the history of modern warfare. Japanese warships, including several aircraft carriers, crossed the western Pacific to Hawaii without being
齐乐老虎机:America History: US-Japan Relations Before World War Two2017-04-18
Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party in Germany created the most obvious threat. But there was also Benito Mussolini in Italy and Francisco Franco in Spain. These leaders challenged both the idea of democracy and the security of some of America's closest alli
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:American History: Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor Pulls US Into War2017-04-18
We interrupt this program to bring you a special news bulletin. The Japanese have attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, by air, President Roosevelt has just announced. The attack also was made on all naval and military facilities on the principal island of Oahu.
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机:As War in Europe Expands, US Continues the Policy of Neutrality2017-04-18
The overwhelming masses of our people seek peace. Peace at home, and the kind of peace in other lands, which will not jeopardize our peace at home. We have certain ideas, and certain ideals, of national safety, and we must act to preserve that safety toda
该音频有LRC字幕 齐乐老虎机附字幕:American History: In 1930s, Britain Calls for 'Peace In Our Time'2017-04-18
Roosevelt did not feel neutral at all. He told his advisers, Italy is dropping bombs on Ethiopia, and that is war. He sharply criticized the Fascist Italian leader, Benito Mussolini. Roosevelt issued an order banning Americans from sending arms to either
齐乐老虎机:American Foreign Policy in the 1930's2017-04-18
This week in our series, we continue to discuss the events of the nineteen thirties, and American foreign policy during that time.For much of its history, the United States was not involved in world disputes. Only in the twentieth century did it become a
齐乐老虎机:Special American History Remix: From Great Depression's Depths...2017-04-18
Hard economic times and social conflict have always offered a rich source of material for artists and writers. A painter's colors can show the drying of dreams or the flight of the human spirit. A musician can express the tensions and uncertainty of a pe
齐乐老虎机:American History: End of the New Deal2017-04-18
By the middle of the nineteen thirties, America seemed to be moving out of the worst depression in its history. Most people supported the "New Deal" policies of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
齐乐老虎机:From Great Depression's Depths, Creativity Reached New Heights2017-04-18
Hard economic times and social conflict have always offered a rich source of material for artists and writers. A painter's colors can show the drying of dreams or the flight of the human spirit. A musician can express the tensions and uncertainty of a pe
Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal policies during the nineteen thirties changed the face of American government. The new president and the Congress passed legislation that helped farmers, strengthened the banking system and supplied jobs for millions of work
Roosevelt's inauguration speech in March of nineteen thirty-three gave hope to millions of Americans. The new president promised to fight the Great Depression that was crushing the economy.
In nineteen thirty-two Americans were tired of the policies of Republican President Herbert Hoover. They thought Hoover had done too little to fight the depression that was crushing the economy.
齐乐老虎机:Short Story: 'Keesh' by Jack London2017-04-18
Keesh lived at the edge of the polar sea. He had seen thirteen suns in the Eskimo way of keeping time. Among the Eskimos, the sun each winter leaves the land in darkness. And the next year, a new sun returns, so it might be warm again.
The stock market crash of nineteen twenty-nine began a long and difficult period for the United States. President Herbert Hoover struggled to find solutions as the nation sank into the worst economic crisis in its history.
The stock market crash of nineteen twenty-nine marked the beginning of the worst economic crisis in American history. Millions of people lost their jobs. Thousands lost their homes.
The election of Herbert Hoover in nineteen twenty-eight made Americans more hopeful than ever about their future.
齐乐老虎机:American History: Foreign Policy During the 1920s2017-04-18
The nineteen twenties are remembered as a quiet period in American foreign policy. The nation was at peace. Americans elected three Republican presidents in a row: Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover. These conservatives in the White House
Vice President Calvin Coolidge became president in nineteen twenty-three following the death of President Warren Harding. Coolidge quickly gained the trust of most Americans by investigating the crimes of Harding's top officials. The conservative economi
The early years of the twentieth century were a time of movement for many black Americans. Traditionally, most blacks lived in the Southeastern states. But in the nineteen twenties, many blacks moved to cities in the North.